The UNITED NATIONS is the latest in a long line of attempts to minimize, if not eliminate, the scourge of war while laying a foundation for international cooperation. In 1899, an International Peace Conference established a Court of Arbitration to settle international disputes. Early experiments in collaboration included an International Telecommunications Union first founded in 1865 and a Universal Postal Union organized in 1874.
The League of Nations was created after the First World War but rendered obsolete by the Second World War.
The nations allied against Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan were given the name, “United Nations” by U.S. President Franklin D Roosevelt. When those nations met in 1945 to establish a permanent forum for deliberation and mutual assistance the name seemed to fit. The Charter of the UN was ratified on October 24, 1945, and that date has been commemorated thereafter as UN Day.